Institut für Thermische Verfahrenstechnik

Veröffentlichungen: 2020 - 2011

2020
R. Diehm, M. Müller, D. Burger, J. Kumberg, S. Spiegel, W. Bauer, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel High Speed Coating of Primer Layer for Li-Ion Battery Electrodes by Using Slot Die Coating Energy Technol., 2000259, 2020
S. Polierer, D. Guse, S. Wild, K. Herrera Delgado, T. N. Otto, T. A. Zevaco, M. Kind, J. Sauer, F. Studt, S. Pitter Enhanced Direct Dimethyl Ether Synthesis from CO2-Rich Syngas with Cu/ZnO/ZrO2 Catalysts Prepared by Continuous Co-Precipitation Catalysts 10: 816, 2020
H. Rehage, M. Kind The first Damköhler number and its importance for characterizing the influence of mixing on competitive chemical reactions Chemical Engineering Science 229: 116007, 2021
T. Börnhorst, L. Frankenhauser, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel Drying kinetic measurements of polymer nanolayers – Experimental results with a model-based validation and interpretation of solvent diffusion Polymer 200: 122595, 2020
J. P. Fath, L. Alsheimer, M. Storch, J. Stadler, J. Bandlow, S. Hahn, R. Riedel, T. Wetzel The influence of the anode overhang effect on the capacity of lithium-ion cells – a 0D-modeling approach Journal of Energy Storage 29, 101344, 2020
V.-A. Gracia-Medrano-Bravo, L. Merklein, N. Oberle, M. Batora, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel Determination of Binary Interaction Parameters for Ternary Polymer–Polymer–Solvent Systems Using Raman Spectroscopy Adv. Mater. Technol.: 2000149, 2020
H. Rehage, M. Bartsch, M. Kind A new scale-up method for competitive chemical model reactions based on complete similarity Chemical Engineering Journal 400: 125763, 2020
J. C. Eser, B. Deichmann, T. Wirsching, P. G. Weidler, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel Hysteresis Behavior in the Sorption Equilibrium of Water in Anodesfor Li-Ion Batteries Langmuir 36, 6193-6201, 2020
G. Kaysan, B. Spiegel, G. Guthausen, M. Kind Influence of Shear Flow on the Crystallization of Organic Melt Emulsions – A Rheo Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Investigation Chem. Eng. Technol., 43, No. 9, 1699–1705, 2020
V.-A. Gracia-Medrano-Bravo, J. Gro?ne, S. Baesch, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel Influence of Particle Shape on the Drying Regime Maps for Platelike Particle Polymer Composites Langmuir 36, 6245-6253, 2020
P. Knipper, J. Arnsberg, D. Bertsche, R. Gneiting, T. Wetzel Modelling of condensation pressure drop for R134a and R134a-lubricant-mixtures in multiport flat tubes International Journal of Refrigeration, 113: 239-248, 2020
H. Rehage, S. Scherer, M. Kind Comparison of adaptations to the engulfment model for the simulation of precipitation in confined impinging jet mixers Chemical Engineering Science 221: 115661, 2020
R. Diehm, J. Kumberg, C. Dörrer, M. Müller, W. Bauer, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel In Situ Investigations of Simultaneous Two Layer Slot Die Coating of Component Graded Anodes for Improved High Energy Li-Ion Batteries Energy Technol. 8, 1901251, 2020
H. Rehage, M. Semmel, M. Kind A dynamic model for process flowsheet simulation of semi-batch precipitation of sparingly soluble salts Computers and Chemical Engineering 137: 106818, 2020
J. Flesch, L. Marocco, A. Fritsch, K. Niedermeier, T. Wetzel Entropy Generation Minimization Analysis of Solar Salt, Sodium, and Lead–Bismuth Eutectic as High Temperature Heat Transfer Fluids J. Heat Transfer., 142(4): 042103, 2020
J. Eser, T. Wirsching, P. Weidler, A. Altvater, T. Börnhorst, J. Kumberg, G. Schöne, M. Müller, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel Moisture Adsorption Behavior in Anodes for Li Ion Batteries Energy Technol., 8: 1801162, 2020
D. Werner, S. Paarmann, A. Wiebelt, T. Wetzel Inhomogeneous Temperature Distribution Affecting Cyclic Aging of Li-Ion Cells. Part II: Analysis and Correlation Batteries, 6: 12, 2020
D. Werner, S. Paarmann, A. Wiebelt, T. Wetzel Inhomogeneous Temperature Distribution Affecting Cyclic Aging of Li-Ion Cells. Part I: Experimental Investigation Batteries, 6: 13, 2020
2019
S. Meinicke, K. Dubil, T. Wetzel, B. Dietrich Characterization of heat transfer in consolidated, highly porous media using a hybrid-scale CFD approach International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 149: 119201, 2019
D. Bertsche, P. Knipper, K. Kapfer, T. Wetzel Experimental investigation on heat transfer in laminar, transitional and turbulent circular pipe flow with respect to flow regime boundaries International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 145: 118746, 2019
S. Straub, P. Forooghi, L. Marocco, T. Wetzel, R. Vinuesa, P. Schlatter, B. Frohnapfel The influence of thermal boundary conditions on turbulent forced convection pipe flow at two Prandtl numbers International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 144: 118601, 2019
S. Weise, B. Dietrich, T. Wetzel Flow-pattern based prediction of flow boiling heat transfer in horizontal tubes with circumferentially varying heat flux International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 148: 119018, 2019
H.Rehage, F.Nikq, M.Kind Experimental investigation of a two-zone model for semi-batch precipitation in stirred-tank reactors Chemical Engineering Science, 207: 258-270, 2019
T. Laube, L. Marocco, K. Niedermeier, J. Pacio, T. Wetzel Thermodynamic Analysis of High Temperature Energy Storage Concepts Based on Liquid Metal Technology Energy Technol., 1900908, 2019
J. Fath, D. Dragicevic, L. Bittel, A. Nuhic, J. Sieg, S. Hahn, L. Alsheimer, B. Spier, T. Wetzel Quantification of aging mechanisms and inhomogeneity in cycled lithium-ion cells by differential voltage analysis Journal of Energy Storage, 25: 100813, 2019
J. Pacio, M. Daubner, F.Fellmoser, T.Wetzel Experimental study of the influence of inter-wrapper flow on liquid-metal cooled fuel assemblies Nuclear Engineering and Design, 352: 110145, 2019
J. Kumberg, M. Müller, R. Diehm, S. Spiegel, C. Wachsmann, W. Bauer, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel Drying of Lithium Ion Battery Anodes for Use in High Energy Cells: Influence of Electrode Thickness on Drying Time, Adhesion, and Crack Formation Energy Technol., 7: 1900126, 2019
H.Rehage, S.Scherer, M.Kind A steady-state precipitation model for flowsheet simulation and its application Computers & Chemical Engineering, 128:524-537, 2019
A. Walz, L. Liebl, K. Schmitt, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel Commentary regarding: “Activity determination of FAD-dependent glucose dehydrogenase immobilized in PEDOT:PSS-PVA composite films for biosensor applications"
S. Ternes, T. Börnhorst, J. Schwenzer, I. Hossain, T. Abzieher, W. Mehlmann, U. Lemmer, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel, B. Richards, U. Paetzold Drying Dynamics of Solution Processed Perovskite Thin Film Photovoltaics: In Situ Characterization, Modeling, and Process Control Eng Life Sci.,19: 741–748, 2019
J. Hubbuch, M. Kind, H. Nirschl Preparative Protein Crystallization Chemical Engineering & Technology, 42 (11): 2275-2281, 2019
L. Merklein, M. Mink, D. Kourkoulos, B. Ulber, S. Raupp, K. Meerholz, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel Multilayer OLEDs with four slot die-coated layers Journal of Coatings Technology and Research, 16: 1643–1652, 2019
S. Straub, P. Forooghi, L. Marocco, T. Wetzel, B. Frohnapfel Azimuthally inhomogeneous thermal boundary conditions in turbulent forced convection pipe flow for low to medium Prandtl numbers International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, 77: 352-358, 2019
R. Diehm, H. Weinmann, J. Kumberg, M. Schmitt, J. Fleischer, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel Edge Formation in High-Speed Intermittent Slot-Die Coating of Disruptively Stacked Thick Battery Electrodes Energy Technol. 8, 1900137, 2020
D. Selzer, C. Frank, M. Kind On the effect of the continuous phase on primary crystal nucleation of aqueous KNO3 solution droplets Journal of Crystal Growth, 517, 39-47, 2019
M. Tönsmann, F. Kröhl, P. Cavadini, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel Calibration Routine for Quantitative Three-Dimensional Flow Field Measurements in Drying Polymer Solutions Subject to Marangoni Convection Colloids Interfaces , 3, 39, 2019
L. Merklein, D. Daume, F. Braig, S. Schlisske, T. Rödlmeier, M. Mink, D. Kourkoulos, B. Ulber, M. Di Biase, K. Meerholz, G. Hernandez-Sosa, U. Lemmer, H. M. Sauer, E. Dörsam, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel Comparative Study of Printed Multilayer OLED Fabrication through Slot Die Coating, Gravure and Inkjet Printing, and Their Combination Colloids Interfaces , 3, 32, 2019
2018
S. Weise, S. Meinicke, T. Wetzel, B. Dietrich Modelling the pressure drop of two-phase flow through solid porous media International Journal of Multiphase Flow, 112, 13-26, 2019
P. Knipper, D. Bertsche, R. Gneiting, T. Wetzel Experimental investigation of heat transfer and pressure drop during condensation of R134a in multiport flat tubes International Journal of Refrigeration, 98, 211-221, 2019
S. Raupp, P. Kitz, D. Siebel, A. Wunsch, L. Merklein, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel Modeling of interdiffusion in poly(vinyl acetate)–poly(methyl methacrylate)–toluene multicomponent systems Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 2018, DOI: 10.1002/APP.47092
S. Meinicke, P. Knipper, C. Helfenritter, T. Wetzel A lean approach of modeling the transient thermal characteristics of Loop Heat Pipes based on experimental investigations Applied Thermal Engineering, 147, 895-907, 2019
D. Selzer, N. Tüllmann, A. Kiselev, T. Leisner, M. Kind Investigation of Crystal Nucleation of Highly Supersaturated Aqueous KNO3 Solution from Single Levitated Droplet Experiments Cryst. Growth Des., 18, 4896–4905, 2018
M. Barros Groß, M. Kind From microscale phase screening to bulk evaporative crystallization of proteins Journal of Crystal Growth, 498, 160-169, 2018
K. Niedermeier, L. Marocco, J. Flesch, G. Mohan, J. Coventry, T. Wetzel Performance of molten sodium vs. molten salts in a packed bed thermal energy storage Applied Thermal Engineering, 141, 368-377, 2018
S. Gabriel, T. Schulenberg, G. Albrecht, W. Heiler, A. Miassoedov, F. Kaiser, T. Wetzel Optical void measurement method for stratified wavy two phase flows Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 97, 341-350, 2018
B. Spiegel, A. Käfer, M. Kind Crystallization Behavior and Nucleation Kinetics of Organic Melt Droplets in a Microfluidic Device Cryst. Groth Des., 18, 3307-3316, 2018
S. Raupp, M. Schmitt, A.-L. Walz, R. Diehm, H. Hummel, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel Slot die stripe coating of low viscous fluids Journal of Coatings Technology and Research, 2018, 15, 5, 899-911, 2018
J. Pacio, M. Daubner, F. Fellmoser, K. Litfin, T. Wetzel Heat transfer experiment in a partially (internally) blocked 19-rod bundle with wire spacers cooled by LBE Nuclear Engineering and Design, 330, 225-240, 2018
P. Cavadini, H. Weinhold, M. Tönsmann, S. Chilingaryan, A. Kopmann, A. Lewkowicz, C. Miao, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel Investigation of the flow structure in thin polymer films using 3D ?PTV enhanced by GPU Experiments in Fluids, 59, 61, 2018
2017
C. Haas, F. Kaiser, T. Schulenberg, T. Wetzel Critical heat flux for flow boiling of water on micro-structured Zircaloy tube surfaces International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 120: 793-806, 2018
R. Kügler, M. Kind On Precipitation of Sparingly Soluble Fluoride Salts Cryst. Growth Des., 18, 728?733, 2018
D. Selzer, B. Spiegel, M. Kind A Generic Polycarbonate Based Microfluidic Tool to Study Crystal Nucleation in Microdroplets Journal of Crystallization Process and Technology, 8, 1-17
S. Baesch, K. Price, P. Scharfer, L. Francis, W. Schabel Influence of the drying conditions on the particle distribution in particle filled polymer films: Experimental validation of predictive drying regime maps Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification, 123: 138-147, 2018
A. Mersmann, M. Kind Correlation for the Prediction of Critical Molar Volume Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 56 (46): 13970?13971, 2017
S. Raupp, D. Siebel, P. Kitz, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel Interdiffusion in Polymeric Multilayer Systems Studied by Inverse Micro-Raman Spectroscopy Macromolecules, 50 (17), 6819–6828, 2017
A.-L. Riegel, N. Reichelt, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel Process-dependent conductivity and film homogeneity of slot-die-coated PEDOT:PSS–PVA composite films Journal of Coatings Technology and Research, 14 (5), 1039-1051, 2017
C. Buerkin, I. Vries, S. Raupp, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel, P. Groen Investigation of interfacial instabilities with a two-layer slide coating process Journal of Coatings Technology and Research, 14 (5), 991-1001, 2017
L. Pfaffmann, S. Jaiser, M. Müller, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel, W. Bauer, F. Scheiba, H. Ehrenberg New method for binder and carbon black detection at nanometer scale in carbon electrodes for lithium ion batteries Journal of Power Sources, 363: 460-469, 2017
D. Werner, A. Loges, D. Becker, T. Wetzel Thermal conductivity of Li-ion batteries and their electrode configurations – A novel combination of modelling and experimental approach Journal of Power Sources, 364: 72-83, 2017
S. Kachel, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel Measurements and predictive modeling of water diffusion coefficients in bovine serum albumin/polymer blends for biosensors Applied Polymer Science, 134 (40), 2017
S. Raupp, L. Merklein, S. Hietzschold, M. Zürn, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel Slot die-coated blue SMOLED multilayers Journal of Coatings Technology and Research, 14 (5), 1029-1037, 2017
D. Siebel, W. Schabel, P. Scharfer Diffusion in quaternary polymer solutions—Model development and validation Progress in Organic Coatings, 110: 187-194, 2017
S. Jaiser, L. Funk, M. Baunach, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel Experimental investigation into battery electrode surfaces: The distribution of liquid at the surface and the emptying of pores during drying Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 494: 22-31, 2017
P. Forooghi, M. Flory, D. Bertsche, T. Wetzel, B. Frohnapfel Heat transfer enhancement on the liquid side of an industrially designed flat-tube heat exchanger with passive inserts – Numerical investigation Applied Thermal Engineering, 123: 573-583, 2017
M. Barros Groß, M. Kind Comparative Study on Seeded and Unseeded Bulk Evaporative Batch Crystallization of Tetragonal Lysozyme Cryst.GrowthDes, 17: 3491-3501, 2017
E. Laryea, N. Schuhardt, G. Guthausen, T. Oerther, M. Kind Microporous and Mesoporous Materials Microporous and Mesoporous Materials xxx, 1-6 (2017)
S. Raupp, L. Merklein, M. Pathak, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel An experimental study on the reproducibility of different multilayer OLED materials processed by slot die coating Chemical Engineering Science, 160: 113-120, 2017
N. Birk-Braun, K. Yunus, E. Rees, W. Schabel, A. Routh Generation of strength in a drying film: How fracture toughness depends on dispersion properties Physical Review E, 95, 022610, 2017
M. Müller, L. Pfaffmann, S. Jaiser, M. Baunach, V. Trouillet, F. Scheiba, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel, W. Bauer Investigation of binder distribution in graphite anodes for lithium-ion batteries Journal of Power Sources, 340: 1-5, 2017
S. Jaiser, J. Kumberg, J. Klaver, J.L. Urai, W. Schabel, J. Schmatz, P. Scharfer Microstructure formation of lithium-ion battery electrodes during drying - An ex-situ study using cryogenic broad ion beam slope-cutting and scanning electron microscopy (Cryo-BIB-SEM) Journal of Power Sources, 345: 97-107, 2017
S. Jaiser, N. Sanchez Salach, M. Baunach, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel The Impact of Drying Conditions and Wet Film Properties on Adhesion and Film Solidification of Lithium Ion Battery Anodes Drying Technology: An International Journal, 35, 1807-1817, 2017
S. Jaiser, A. Friske, M. Baunach, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel Development of a Three-Stage Drying Profile Based on Characteristic Drying Stages for Lithium-Ion Battery Anodes Drying Technology: An International Journal, 35, 1266-1275, 2017
A. Heinzel, W. Hering, J. Konys, L. Marocco, K. Litfin, G. Müller, J. Pacio, C. Schroer, R. Stieglitz, L. Stoppel, A. Weisenburger, Th. Wetzel Liquid Metals as Efficient High Temperature Heat Transport Fluids Energy Technol. 10.1002/ente.201600721
X. Guo, E. Laryea, M. Wilhelm, B. Luy, H. Nirschl, G. Guthausen Diffusion in Polymer Solutions: Molecular Weight Distribution by PFG-NMR and Relation to SEC Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics 218(1): 1600440 (2017)
S. Jaiser, L. Funk, M. Baunach, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel Experimental investigation into battery electrode surfaces: The distribution of liquid at the surface and the emptying of pores during drying Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 494: 22–31, 2017
S. Baesch, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel, L. Francis Influence of the drying conditions on the particle distribution in particle-filled polymer films: Predictive simulation of the particle distribution during drying Journal of Composite Materials (Article in print)
S. Meinicke, Th. Wetzel, B. Dietrich Scale-resolved CFD modelling of single-phase hydrodynamics and conjugate heat transfer in solid sponges International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 108: 1207–1219, 2017
A. Mersmann, M. Kind Prediction of Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Pure Liquids, of Critical Data, and of Vapor Pressure Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 56 (6): 1633?1645, 2017
2016
S. Raupp, D. Daume, S. Tekoglu, L. Merklein, U. Lemmer, G. Hernandez-Sosa, H.M. Sauer, E Dörsam, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel Slot Die Coated and Flexo Printed Highly Efficient SMOLEDs Advanced Materials Technologies, 2, 1600230, 2017
P. Lau, C.-R. Arlt, M. Potthoff, M. Kind Particle exchange in horizontal two-compartment fluidized beds - CFD simulation and experimental validation Advanced Powder Technology, 28: 543–552, 2017
S. Raupp, L. Merklein, M. Pathak, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel An experimental study on the reproducibility of different multilayer OLED materials processed by slot die coating Chemical Engineering Science, 160:113–120, 2017
M. Müller, L. Pfaffmann, S. Jaiser, M. Baunach, V. Trouillet, F. Scheiba, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel, W. Bauer Investigation of binder distribution in graphite anodes for lithium-ion batteries Journal of Power Sources, 340: 1-5, 2017
S. Meinicke, C.-O. Möller, B. Dietrich, M. Schlüter, Th. Wetzel Experimental and numerical investigation of single-phase hydrodynamics in glass sponges by means of combined ?PIV measurements and CFD simulation Chemical Engineering Science, 160: 131–143, 2017
A. Loges, S. Herberger, P. Seegert, Th. Wetzel A study on specific heat capacities of Li-ion cell components and their influence on thermal management Journal of Power Sources, 336: 341-350, 2016
L. Marocco, A. Alberti di Valmontana, Th. Wetzel Numerical investigation of turbulent aided mixed convection of liquid metal flow through a concentric annulus International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 105: 479–494, 2017
A.-L. Riegel, N. Borzenkova, V. Haas, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel Activity determination of FAD-dependent glucose dehydrogenase immobilized in PEDOT: PSS-PVA composite films for biosensor applications Engineering in Life Sciences, 16: 577–585, 2016
S. Weise, M. Wetzel, B. Dietrich, Th. Wetzel Influence of fully miscible lubricating oil on the pressure drop during flow boiling of CO2 inside an enhanced tube Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 81: 223–233, 2017
J. Pacio, Th. Wetzel, H. Doolaard, F. Roelofs, K. Van Tichelen Thermal-hydraulic study of the LBE-cooled fuel assembly in the MYRRHA reactor: Experiments and simulations Nuclear Engineering and Design, 312: 327–337, 2017
R. Kügler, K. Beißert, M. Kind On heterogeneous nucleation during the precipitation of barium sulfate Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 114: 30-38, 2016
L. Metzger, M. Kind The influence of mixing on fast precipitation processes - A coupled 3D CFD-PBE approach using the direct quadrature method of moments (DQMOM) Chemical Engineering Science (Article in press)
F. Buss, B. Schmidt-Hansberg, M. Sanyal, C. Munuera, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel, E. Barrena Gaining Further Insight into the Solvent Additive-Driven Crystallization of Bulk-Heterojunction Solar Cells by in Situ X?ray Scattering and Optical Reflectometry Macromolecules, 49: 4867?4874, 2016
K. Peters, S. Raupp, H. Hummel, M. Bruns, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel Formation of blade and slot die coated small molecule multilayers for OLED applications studied theoretically and by XPS depth profiling AIP Advances, 6, 065108, 2016
A. Loges, S. Herberger, D. Werner, Th. Wetzel Thermal characterization of Li-ion cell electrodes by photothermal deflection spectroscopy Journal of Power Sources, 325: 104-115, 2016
K. Niedermeier, J. Flesch, L. Marocco Th. Wetzel Assessment of thermal energy storage options in a sodium-based CSP plant Applied Thermal Engineering, 107: 386–397, 2016
D. Siebel, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel Prediction of diffusion in a ternary solvent–solvent–polymer blend by means of binary diffusion data: Comparison of experimental data and simulative results Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 133: 36, 2016
M. Groß, M. Kind Bulk Crystallization of Proteins by Low-Pressure Water Evaporation Chemical Engineering and Technology, 39: 1483–1489, 2016
S. Jaiser, M. Müller, M. Baunach, W. Bauer, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel Investigation of film solidification and binder migration during drying of Li-Ion battery anodes Journal of Power Sources, 318: 210-219, 2016
T. Geißler, A. Abánades, A. Heinzel, K. Mehravaran, G. Müller, R.K. Rathnam, C. Rubbia, D. Salmieri, L. Stoppel, S. Stückrad, A. Weisenburger, H. Wenninger, Th. Wetzel Hydrogen production via methane pyrolysis in a liquid metal bubble column reactor with a packed bed Chemical Engineering Journal, 299: 192–200, 2016
A. Pohl, M. Faraz, A. Schröder, M. Baunach, W. Schabel, A. Guda, V. Shapovalov, A. Soldatov, V.S.K. Chakravadhanula, C. Kübel, R. Witte, H. Hahn, T. Diemant, R. J. Behm, H. Emerich, M. Fichtner Development of a water based process for stable conversion cathodes on the basis of FeF3 Journal of Power Sources, 313: 213-222, 2016
S. Baesch, D. Siebel, B. Schmidt-Hansberg, C. Eichholz, M. Gerst, P. Scharfer W. Schabel Comparison of Surfactant Distributions in Pressure-Sensitive Adhesive Films Dried from Dispersion under Lab-Scale and Industrial Drying Conditions ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 8: 8118?8128, 2016
J. Gebauer, D. Selzer, M. Kind Flash-Kristallisation Chemie Ingenieur Technik, 88: 881–889, 2016
L. Marocco, G. Cammi, J. Flesch, Th. Wetzel Numerical analysis of a solar tower receiver tube operated with liquid metals International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 105: 22-35, 2016
J. Pacio, M. Daubner, F. Fellmoser, K. Litfin, Th. Wetzel Experimental study of heavy-liquid metal (LBE) flow and heat transfer along a hexagonal 19-rod bundle with wire spacers Nuclear Engineering and Design, 301: 111–127, 2016
B. An, M. Bernd, B. Leyrer, T. Blank, M. Weber, A. Loges, Th. Wetzel, J. Kolb Full SiC power module with substrate integrated liquid cooling for battery electric vehicles Proceedings of CIPS 2016; 9th International Conference on Integrated Power Electronics Systems; March 8-10, 2016, Nürnberg
P. Lau, M. Kind CFD-PBE simulation to predict particle growth in a fluidized bed melt granulation batch process Powder Technology, 300: 28–36, 2016
L. Metzger, M. Kind On the mixing in confined impinging jet mixers – Time scale analysis and scale-up using CFD coarse-graining methods Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 109: 464–476, 2016
L. Metzger, M. Kind Influence of mixing on particle formation of fast precipitation reactions - A new coarse graining method using CFD calculations as a “measuring” instrument Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 108: 176-185, 2016
D. Bertsche, P. Knipper, Th. Wetzel Experimental investigation on heat transfer in laminar, transitional and turbulent circular pipe flow International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 95: 1008–1018, 2016
2015
R. Kügler, M. Kind Experimental study about plugging in confined impinging jet mixers during the precipitation of strontium sulfate Chemical Engineering and Processing, 101: 25–32, 2016
A. Abánades, R.K. Rathnam, T. Geißler, A. Heinzel, K. Mehravaran, G. Müller, M. Plevan, C. Rubbia, D. Salmieri., L. Stoppel, S. Stückrad, A. Weisenburger, H. Wenninger, Th. Wetzel Development of methane decarbonisation based on liquid metal technology for CO2-free production of hydrogen International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 4 1: 8159-8167, 2016
S. Meinicke, Th. Wetzel, B. Dietrich CFD modelling of single-phase hydrodynamics and heat transfer in solid sponges Proceedings of the 11th Conference on CFD in the Minerals and Process Industries CSIRO December 7-9, 2015, Melbourne, Australia
D. Siebel, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel Determination of Concentration-Dependent Diffusion Coefficients in Polymer?Solvent Systems: Analysis of Concentration Profiles Measured by Raman Spectroscopy during Single Drying Experiments Excluding Boundary Conditions and Phase Equilibrium Macromolecules, 48: 8608?8614, 2015
F. Buss, J. Go?cke, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel From Micro to Nano Thin Polymer Layers: Thickness and Concentration Dependence of Sorption and the Solvent Diffusion Coefficient Macromolecules, 48: 8285?8293, 2015
T. Geißler, M. Plevan, A. Abánades, A. Heinzel, K. Mehravaran, R.K. Rathnam, C. Rubbia, D. Salmieri, L. Stoppel, S. Stückrad, A. Weisenburger, H. Wenninger, Th. Wetzel Experimental investigation and thermo-chemical modeling of methane pyrolysis in a liquid metal bubble column reactor with a packed bed International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 40, 14134-14146, 2015
C. Sprau, F. Buss, M. Wagner, D. Landerer, M. Koppitz, A. Schulz, D. Bahro, W. Schabel, P. Scharfer, A. Colsmann Highly efficient polymer solar cells cast from non-halogenated xylene/anisaldehyde solution Energy & Environmental Science, 8 (9): 2744-2752, 2015
M. Schmitt, R. Diehm, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel An experimental and analytical study on intermittent slot die coating of viscoelastic battery slurries Journal of Coatings Technology Research, 12 (5): 927-938, 2015
P. Cavadini, J. Erz, D. Sachsenheimer, A. Kowalczyk, N. Willenbacher, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel Investigation of the flow field in thin polymer films due to inhomogeneous drying Journal of Coatings Technology Research, 12 (5): 921-926, 2015
M. Baunach, S. Jaiser, P. Cavadini, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel Local heat transfer characteristics of a slot nozzle array for batch drying of thin films under industrial process conditions Journal of Coatings Technology Research, 12 (5): 915-920, 2015
M. Schmitt, S. Raupp, D. Wagner, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel Analytical determination of process windows for bilayer slot die coating Journal of Coatings Technology Research, 12 (5): 877-887, 2015
D. Bertsche, P. Knipper, B. Dietrich, T. Wetzel The Generalized Lévèque Equation and its application to circular pipe flow International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 90: 1255-1265, 2015
M. Wallenstein, N. Hafen, H. Heinzmann, S. Schug, W.Arlt, M. Kind, B. Dietrich Qualitative and quantitative insights into multiphase flow in ceramic sponges using X-ray computed tomography Chemical Engineering Science, 138: 118-127, 2015
M. Baunach, S. Jaiser, S. Schmelzle, H. Nirschl, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel Delamination behavior of lithium-ion battery anodes: Influence of drying temperature during electrode processing Drying Technology: An International Journal, 34:4, 462-473, 2015
M. Plevan, T. Geißler, A. Abánades, K. Mehravaran, R.K. Rathnam, C. Rubbia, D. Salmieri, L. Stoppel, S. Stückrad, Th. Wetzel Thermal cracking of methane in a liquid metal bubble column reactor: Experiments and kinetic analysis International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 40, 8020-8033, 2015
J. Flesch, A. Fritsch, G. Cammi, L. Marocco, F. Fellmoser J. Pacio Th. Wetzel Construction of a test facility for demonstration of a liquid lead-bismuth-cooled 10kW thermal receiver in a solar furnace arrangement - SOMMER Energy Procedia, 69, 1259-1268, 2015
T. Fischedick, M. Kind, B. Dietrich High temperature two-phase thermal conductivity of ceramic sponges with stagnant fluid - Experimental results and correlation including thermal radiation International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 96: 1-11, 2015
J. Gebauer, M. Kind Profiles of temperature, concentration and supersaturation within atomized droplets during flash-crystallization Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification, 91: 130-140, 2015
O. Borisevich, D.Demange, M. Kind, X. Lefebvre Zeolite Membrane Cascade for Tritium Extraction and Recovery Systems Fusion Science and Technology Vol. 67: 262-265, MAR. 2015
J. Nijdam, S. Kachel, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel, M. Kind Effect of Diffusion on Component Segregation during Drying of Aqueous Solutions Containing Protein and Sugar Drying Technology: An International Journal, 33:3, 288-300, 2015
V. Gnielinski Turbulent Heat Transfer in Annular Spaces - A New Comprehensive Correlation Heat Transfer Engineering, 36:9, 787-789, 2015
2014
R. Kügler, S. Doyle, M. Kind Fundamental insights into barium sulfate precipitation by time-resolved in situ synchrotron radiation wide-angle X-ray scattering (WAXS) Chemical Engineering Science, 133: 140-147, 2015
L. Metzger, M. Kind On the transient flow characteristics in Confined Impinging Jet Mixers ? CFD simulation and experimental validation Chemical Engineering Science, 133: 91-105, 2015
J. Gebauer, M. Kind Experimental screening method for flash-crystallization Chemical Engineering Science, 133: 75-81, 2015
Th. Wetzel, J. Pacio, L. Stoppel, L. Marocco, F. Fellmoser, M. Daubner, K. Litfin Liquid Metal Technologies for Energy Conversion Annual Report 2013 of the Institute for Nuclear and Energy Technologies, KIT Scientific Reports 7678: 33-37, 2014
A. Batta, A.G. Class, K. Litfin, Th. Wetzel, V. Moreau, L. Massidda, S. Thomas, D. Lakehal, D. Angeli, G. Losi, K.G. Mooney, K. Van Tichelen Experimental and numerical investigation of liquid-metalfree-surface flows in spallation targets Nuclear Engineering Design, 290, 107-118, 2015
S. Wilhelm and M. Kind On the Relation between Natural and Enforced Syneresis of Acidic Precipitated Silica Polymers, 6: 2896-2911, 2014
J. Nijdam, V. Trouillet, S. Kachel, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel, M. Kind Coat formation of surface-active proteins on aqueous surfaces duringdrying Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces 123 (2014) 53–60
Th. Wetzel, S. Borchers Update of energy payback time and greenhouse gas emission data for crystalline silicon photovoltaic modules Prog. Photovolt: Res. Appl. (2014)
M. Wallenstein, M. Kind, B. Dietrich Radial two-phase thermal conductivity and wall heat transfer coefficient of ceramic sponges – Experimental results and correlation International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 79: 486-495, 2014
B. Dietrich, T. Fischedick, S. Heissler, P.G. Weidler, C. Wöll, M. Kind Optical parameters for characterization of thermal radiation in ceramic sponges – Experimental results and correlation International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 79: 655-665, 2014
Th. Wetzel Energy for a Sustainable World—From the Oil Age to a Sun-Powered Future Energy Technology, 2: 742, 2014
L. Metzger, M. Kind Compartment Method for Dynamic Multi-Scale Simulation of Precipitation Reactors Proceedings of the ASME 2014 4th Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting FEDSM2014 August 3-7, 2014, Chicago, Illinois, USA
J. Pacio, L. Marocco, Th. Wetzel Review of data and correlations for turbulent forced convective heat transfer of liquid metals in pipes Heat and Mass Transfer, 51 (2), 153-164, 2015
M. Wetzel, B. Dietrich, Th. Wetzel Influence of oil on heat transfer and pressure drop during flow boiling of CO2 at low temperatures Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 59: 202-212, 2014
B. Bitsch, J. Dittmann, M. Schmitt, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel, N. Willenbacher A novel slurry concept for the fabrication of lithium-ion battery electrodes with beneficial properties Journal of Power Sources, 265: 81-90, 2014
J. Kaiser, V. Wenzel, H. Nirschl, B. Bitsch, N. Willenbacher, M. Baunach, M. Schmitt, S. Jaiser, P. Scharfer und W. Schabel Prozess- und Produktentwicklung von Elektroden für Li-Ionen-Zellen Chemie Ingenieur Technik, 86 (5): 695-706, 2014
Th. Wetzel, J. Pacio, L. Marocco, A. Weisenburger, A. Heinzel, W. Hering, C. Schroer, G. Müller, J. Konys, R. Stieglitz, J. Fuchs, J. Knebel, C. Fazio, M.Daubner, F. Fellmoser Liquid metal technology for concentrated solar power systems: Contributions by the German research program AIMS Energy, 2 (1): 89-98, 2014
H. Martin Nusselt's Fundamental Law of Heat Transfer - Revisited Heat Transfer Engineering, 35:3, 246-250
J. Pacio, M. Daubner, F. Fellmoser, K. Litfin, L. Marocco, R. Stieglitz, S. Taufall, Th. Wetzel Heavy-liquid metal heat transfer experiment in a 19-rod bundle with grid spacers Nuclear Engineering and Design, 273: 33-46, 2014
S. Kachel, Y. Zhou, P. Scharfer, C. Vran?i?, W. Petrich, W. Schabel Evaporation from open microchannel grooves Lab Chip, 14: 771-778, 2014
L. Wengeler, M. Schmitt, K. Peters, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel Fluid-dynamic properties and wetting behavior of coating inks for roll-to-roll production of polymer-based solar cells Journal of Coatings Technology Research, 11 (1): 65-73, 2014
K. Peters, L. Wengeler, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel   Liquid film coating of small molecule OLEDs Journal of Coatings Technology Research, 11 (1): 75-81, 2014
M. Schmitt, M. Baunach, L. Wengeler, K. Peters, P. Junges, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel Slot-die processing of lithium-ion battery electrodes - Coating window characterization Journal of Coatings Technology Research, 11 (1): 57-63, 2014
2013
Z. Li, J. Kessel, G. Grünewald, M. Kind Coupled CFD-PBE simulation of nucleation in fluidized bed spray granulation Drying Technology, 31: 1888–1896, 2013
J. P. Schmitt, S. Arnold, A. Loges, D. Werner, Th. Wetzel, E. Ivers-Tiffée Measurement of the internal cell temperature via impedance: Evaluation and application of a new method Journal of Power Sources, 243: 110-117, 2013
J. Pacio, C. Singer, Th. Wetzel, R. Uhlig Thermodynamic evaluation of liquid metals as heat transfer fluids in concentrated solar power plants Applied Thermal Engineering, 60: 295-302, 2013
V. Gnielinski On heat transfer in tubes International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 63: 134-140, 2013
U. Hampel, R. Dittmeyer, A. Patyk, Th. Wetzel, R. Lange, H. Freund, W. Schwieger, M. Grünewald, M. Schlüter, U. Petasch  Die Helmholtz-Energie-Allianz "Energieeffiziente Chemische Mehrphasenprozesse" Chemie Ingenieur Technik, 85: 992-996, 2013
J. Pacio, Th. Wetzel Assessment of liquid metal technology status and research paths for their use as efficient heat transfer fluids in solar central receiver systems Solar Energy, 93: 11-22, 2013
L. Wengeler, R. Diehm, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel Dependence of opto-electric properties of (semi-)conducting films in polymer based solar cells on viscous shear during the coating process Organic Electronics, 14: 1608-1613, 2013
L. Wengeler, M. Schmitt, K. Peters, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel Comparison of large scale coating techniques for organic and hybrid films in polymer based solar cells Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification, 68:38-44, 2013
M. Schmitt, M. Baunach, L. Wengeler, K. Peters, P. Junges, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel Slot-die processing of lithium-ion battery electrodes- Coating window characterization Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification, 68: 32-37, 2013
S. Kachel, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel Sorption isotherms of mixtures of polymers, proteins and electrolytes- Measurement data and model predictions Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification, 68: 45-54, 2013
B. Dietrich Heat transfer coefficients for solid ceramic sponges- Experimental results and correlation International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 61: 627-637, 2013
Z. Liu, M. Kind Continuous polymerization of methyl methacrylate in a taylor-couette reactor. II. Influence of fluid dynamics on polymer properties Polymer Engineering and Science, 53: 950-955, 2013
C. Haas, T. Schulenberg, Th. Wetzel Critical heat flux for flow boiling of water at low pressure in vertical internally heated annuli International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 60: 380-391, 2013
P. Cavadini, J. Krenn, Ph. Scharfer, W. Schabel Investigation of surface deformation during drying of thin polymer films due to Marangoni convection Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification, 64: 24-30, 2013
Z. Liu, T. Jin, M. Kind Continuous polymerization of methyl methacrylate in a taylor-couette reactor. I. Influence of fluid dynamics on monomer conversion Polymer Engineering & Science, 53: 96-104, 2013
2012
M. Wetzel, B. Dietrich, Th. Wetzel Wärmeübergang und Druckverlust beim Strömungssieden von CO2-Öl-Gemischen Tagungsband Deutsche Kälte-Klima-Tagung, November 21-23, 2012, Würzburg, Deutschland, ISBN: 978-3-932715-48-8
J. Gebauer, R. Kaiser, M. Kind Flash-Kristallisation - Wirkungsmechanismen im Kristallisator und das Betriebsverhalten des kontinuierlichen Prozesses Chemie Ingenieur Technik, 84: 1901-1910, 2012
S. Jeck, P. Scharfer, M. Kind Water diffusion in poly(vinylalcohol)membranes: A rigorous analysis of the pervaporation process Journal of Membrane Science, 417-418: 154-162, 2012
B. Schmidt-Hansberg, M. F. G. Klein, M. Sanyal, F. Buss, G. Q. G. de Medeiros, C. Munuera, A. Vorobiev, Alexander Colsmann, P. Scharfer,U. Lemmer, E. Barrena, W. Schabel Structure formation in low-bandgap polymer: Fullerene solar cell blends in the course of solvent evaporation Macromolecules, 45: 7948-7955, 2012
L. Marocco, A. Loges, Th. Wetzel, R. Stieglitz Experimental investigation of the turbulent heavy liquid metal heat transfer in the thermal entry region of a vertical annulus with constant heat flux on the inner surface International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 55: 6435-6445, 2012
Z. Li, J. Kessel, G. Grünewald, M. Kind CFD simulation on drying and dust integration in fluidized bed spray granulation Drying Technology, 30: 1088-1098, 2012
B. Dietrich Pressure drop correlation for ceramic and metal sponges Chemical Engineering Science, 74: 192-199, 2012
J. Große, M. Kind A contribution to the experimental determination of mass transfer in counter-current flow through ceramic sponges Chemical Engineering and Processing, 55: 29-39, 2012
S. Jeck, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel, M. Kind Water sorption in semicrystalline poly(vinyl alcohol) membranes: In situ characterisation of solvent-induced structural rearrangements Journal of Membrane Science, 389: 162-172, 2012
B. Schmidt-Hansberg, M. Sanyal, N. Grossiord, Y. Galagan, M. Baunach, M. Klein, A. Colsmann, P. Scharfer, U. Lemmer, H. Dosch, J. Michels, E. Barrena, W. Schabel Investigation of non-halogenated solvent mixtures for high throughput fabrication of polymer–fullerene solar cells Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, 96: 195-201, 2012
2011
D. Demange, S. Stämmler, M. Kind A new combination of membranes and membrane reactors for improved tritium management in breeder blanket of fusion machines Fusion Engineering and Design, 86: 2312-2316, 2011
B. Schmidt-Hansberg, M. Sanyal, F.G.M. Klein, M. Pfaff, N. Schnabel, S. Jaiser, A. Vorobiev, E. Müller, A. Colsmann, P. Scharfer, D. Gerthsen, U. Lemmer, E. Barrena, W. Schabel Moving through the phase diagram: morphology formation in solution cast polymer fullerene blend films for organic solar cells ACS Nano, 5: 8579-8590, 2011
H. Sahabi, M. Kind Experimentally justified model-like description of consolidation of precipitated silica Polymers, 3: 2156-2171, 2011
H. Sahabi, M. Kind Consolidation of inorganic precipitated silica gel Polymers, 3: 1423-1432, 2011
Y. Saito, M. Wetzel, M. Kind, Th. Wetzel New flow pattern map for CO2 two-phase flow in horizontal smooth tube Proceedings 23rd IIR International Congress of Refrigeration, August 21 - 26, 2011, Prag, Tschechien, ISBN: 978-2-913-149-89-2
M. Wetzel, Y. Saito, M. Kind, Th. Wetzel Investigations on the flow boiling heat transfer of CO2 and CO2-oil-mixtures Proceedings 23rd IIR International Congress of Refrigeration, August 21 - 26, 2011, Prag, Tschechien, ISBN: 978-2-913-149-89-2
K. Litfin, A. Batta, A.G. Class, Th. Wetzel, R. Stieglitz Investigation on heavy liquid metal cooling of ADS fuel pin assemblies Journal of Nuclear Materials, 415: 425-432, 2011
A.G. Class, D. Angeli, A. Batta, M. Dierckx, F. Fellmoser, V. Moreau, F. Roelofs, P. Schuurmans, K. Van Tichelen, Th. Wetzel XT-ADS windowless spallation target thermohydraulic design & experimental setup Journal of Nuclear Materials, 415: 378-384, 2011
F. Buss, C. C. Roberts, K. S. Crawford, K. Peters, L. F. Francis Effect of soluble polymer binder on particle distribution in a drying particulate coating Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 359: 112-120, 2011
Z. Li, M. Kind, G. Grünewald Modeling the growth kinetics of fluidized-bed spray granulation Chemical and Engineering Technology, 34: 1067-1075, 2011
M. Sanyal, B. Schmidt-Hansberg, F.G.M. Klein, A. Colsmann, C. Munuera, A. Vorobiev, U. Lemmer, W. Schabel, H. Dosch, E. Barrena In situ X-Ray study of drying-temperature influence on the structural evolution of bulk-heterojunction polymer–fullerene solar cells processed by doctor-blading Advanced Energy Materials, 1: 363-367, 2011
G. Grünewald, M. Kind Traceruntersuchungen zum Granulatwachstum durch Staubeinbindung bei der Wirbelschichtsprühgranulation Chemie Ingenieur Technik, 83: 618-625, 2011
J. Krenn, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel Visualization of surface deformations during thin film drying using a Digital-Image-Correlation method Chemical Engineering and Processing, 50: 569-573, 2011
M. Müller, P. Scharfer, M.Kind, W. Schabel Influence of non-volatile additives on the diffusion of solvents in polymeric coatings Chemical Engineering and Processing 50: 551-554, 2011
S. Jeck, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel, M. Kind Water sorption in poly(vinyl alcohol) membranes: An experimental and numerical study of solvent diffusion in a crosslinked polymer Chemical Engineering and Processing, 50: 543-550, 2011
L. Wengeler, M. Schmitt, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel Designing a sensor for local heat transfer in impingement driers Chemical Engineering and Processing, 50: 516-518, 2011
B. Schmidt-Hansberg, M. Baunach, J. Krenn, S. Walheim, U. Lemmer, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel Spatially resolved drying kinetics of multi-component solution cast films for organic electronics Chemical Engineering and Processing, 50: 509-515, 2011
J. Krenn, S. Baesch, B. Schmidt-Hansberg, M. Baunach, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel Numerical investigation of the local mass transfer on flat plates in laminar flow Chemical Engineering and Processing, 50: 503-508, 2011
L. Wengeler, B. Schmidt-Hansberg, K. Peters, P. Scharfer, W. Schabel Investigations on knife and slot die coating and processing of polymer nanoparticle films for hybrid polymer solar cells Chemical Engineering and Processing, 50: 478-482, 2011
B. Dietrich, M. Kind, H. Martin Axial two-phase thermal conductivity of ceramic sponges – experimental results and correlation International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 54: 2276-2282, 2011
S. Jeck, P. Scharfer, M. Kind Absence of Schroeder’s paradox: Experimental evidence for water-swollen Nafion® membranes Journal of Membrane Science, 373: 74-79, 2011
M. Sanyal, B. Schmidt-Hansberg, F.G.M. Klein, C. Munuera, A. Vorobiev, A. Colsmann, P. Scharfer, U. Lemmer, W. Schabel, H. Dosch, E. Barrena Effect of photovoltaic polymer/fullerene blend composition ratio on microstructure evolution during film solidification investigated in real time by X-ray Diffraction Macromolecules, 44: 3795-3800, 2011
Z. Liu, R. Kádár, M. Kind Hydrodynamic activation of the batch-polymerization of methyl methacrylate in a taylor-couette reactor Macromolecular Symposia, 302: 169-178, 2011
J. Große, M. Kind Hydrodynamics of ceramic sponges in countercurrent flow Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 50: 4631-4640, 2011
Z. Li, M. Kind, G. Gruenewald Modeling fluid dynamics and growth kinetics in fluidized bed spray granulation The Journal of Computational Multiphase Flows, 2: 235-248, 2011